(b. Karlovka, 18 Feb. 1903; d. Moscow, 12 Jan. 1983)
Ukrainian; member of the Presidium of the CPSU 1958–65 Podgorny was the son of Ukrainian working-class parents. He worked first as a manual worker and then as an engineer in the Ukrainian sugar industry. His political career started in 1939 when he became Deputy Commissar for the food industry in the Ukraine. He held various posts connected with food production at the state and regional level until 1946, when he was made the Ukrainian government's representative in Moscow. He returned to the Ukraine in 1950, as First Secretary of the Kharkov regional party committee, and then became Second Secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party, benefiting from the patronage of Khrushchev. He entered the Central Committee in 1956 and the Presidium (later Politburo) in 1958, becoming a full member in 1960. In 1963 he moved to Moscow as a Secretary of the Central Committee. Podgorny's position weakened after Khrushchev's fall in 1964. In 1965 he was removed as Secretary of the Central Committee, and given the largely honorific post of chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the head of state. In 1977 he was sent into retirement.