polar-orbiting satellite

'polar-orbiting satellite' can also refer to...


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A satellite that is placed in a highly inclined orbit (close to 90°) at altitudes of 800–1 000 km, to obtain coverage of the polar regions. As the Earth rotates beneath the orbit, subsequent passes of the satellite (at intervals of c.90–100 minutes) cover adjacent swathes of the surface (Plate 13). Various Earth-resource and meteorological satellites, including the Meteor, NOAA, Tiros, and MetOp series, are in this category.

Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

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