(c. 1732–94) Revolutionary War army officer. Born in Pennsylvania, Polk moved to North Carolina and became a prosperous planter. Polk was a supporter of the Revolutionary cause and was active in rousing local support for independence. He also served in the militia and fought in several engagements during the war. Resentful at being passed over for command of the North Carolina brigade, he resigned his commission in 1777. As British troops moved South and threatened to invade North Carolina, Polk accepted appointment as commissary general of the Continental army and as superintendent commissary for the Salisbury district. Efforts to promote him to district head failed, and Polk resigned rather than take a lower title.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.