A tax levied on every poll (or head) of the population. Poll taxes were granted by the English House of Commons in 1377, 1379, and 1380. The third of these poll taxes, for one shilling from every man and woman, was acknowledged as a cause of the Peasants' Revolt. The community charge (1988–93) was a poll tax replacing domestic rates. However, its unpopularity was a major cause of the downfall of Margaret Thatcher. In 1993 it was replaced by the council tax.