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A Macedonian rhetor, dedicated his stratagems to Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. It is wide‐ranging, including exploits by gods, heroes, and famous women. Some entries are historically valuable. The underlying theme is didactic, to expound the methods of protecting an army and overcoming the enemy, and along with traditional clichés of military life, he recounts stratagems employed by historical Greek commanders, with some examples from Roman history, notably Hannibal, Caesar, and Augustus. Polyaenus even claims a practical purpose, to assist the emperors in the Parthian war (ad 162–166): ‘You consider it part of the art of winning victories to study the ways by which commanders in the past triumphed.’

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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