(b. 13 Jan. 1876, d. 27 June 1930).
New Zealand politician A Maori born in Pahou Pa (near New Plymouth), he attended Te Aute College, where he joined the Seventh‐day Adventist Church. He studied medicine at the Church's college in Michigan (USA), and graduated from there in 1899. On his return, in 1900 he became a government health officer in a Maori district, where he worked for improved sanitation and the registration of births and deaths. An MP for the Young Maori Party from 1911, he became Minister without Portfolio under Massey in 1912, and Minister of the Cook Islands (1916), where he instituted a number of economic, legal, and educational reforms. As Minister of Health (1923) he reorganized care for the mentally ill and for lepers, and in 1926 he became Minister of Internal Affairs. Most of all he is remembered for his policies towards the Maori population, whose number had declined to their lowest level of 40,000 when he began his work in 1900, and which thereafter began to rise steadily, thanks in part to his sanitary, legal, and economic reforms.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).