(1725–92). Spanish writer, administrator, and clergyman. Educated by the Jesuit order in Segorbe (Castellón), he moved to Madrid in 1746 to study painting and was in Rome from 1751 to 1759. In 1769, following the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain, he was commissioned by the Crown to make a survey of property, including works of art, that had been confiscated from the Jesuits. It was as a result of the extensive travel in Spain made to complete this survey that he also prepared his monumental Viage de España (1772–94), the first detailed account of monuments and works of art in Spain. Eighteen volumes of this unfinished project had been completed at the time of his death. It remained an essential source for travellers in Spain, including pioneering British writers such as Richard Ford and Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, well into the 19th century.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.