John Russell Pope


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American architect, the greatest academic Classicist of his time in the USA. A disciple of McKim, Mead, & White, he trained at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1897–9), began practice in 1903, and produced some fine Neo-Classical buildings of national and international importance, including the Temple of the Scottish Rite, Washington, DC (1910—a vast pyramidal composition alluding to the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus), and his two best-known works, the Jefferson Memorial (1935–43) and the National Gallery of Art (1936–41), both in Washington, DC (and both completed by Otto Eggers (1882–1964) and Daniel Paul Higgins (1886–1953). He also designed the Sculpture Hall, Tate Gallery, London (1935–8), and the Sculpture Gallery, British Museum, London (1936–8). the ‘Elgin Marbles’ from the Athenian Parthenon): both galleries were donated by Joseph, 1st Baron Duveen of Millbank (1869–1939). Pope also designed the conversion of the mansion housing the Frick Collection, NYC (1931–5).

Bedford (1998);Pope &Cortissoz (1924–30);RIBA Journal (Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects), ser. 3, xlv/2 (22 Nov. 1937), 102;Jane Turner (1996);van Vynckt (ed.)(1993)

Subjects: Architecture — Art.

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