Gavriil Kharitonovich Popov


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(b. Moscow, 31 Oct. 1936)

Russian; mayor of Moscow 1991–2 Popov graduated from the Economics Faculty of Moscow State University in 1959 but stayed on there as a teacher and to study for his doctorate. From 1971 to 1980 he was the dean of the university's Economics Faculty and was responsible for the introduction of a management studies course. In 1987 he gained national prominence when he published an article in the journal Nauka i zhizn' (‘Science and Life’) attacking the totalitarian command economy. In 1988 he became editor of the journal Voprosy ekonomikii (‘Economic affairs’). And the next year was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies. From 1990 to 1991 he was co-chairman of the Interregional Group of Deputies, which stood for greater democratization. In 1990 he became chairman of the Moscow city soviet following his success and that of the ‘democratic platform’ in the local election. In June 1991 he was elected mayor of Moscow. He protected the old Communist economic nomenklatura while retaining close ties with the reformers whom he appointed to executive positions. Later that year he became co-chairman of the Movement for Democratic Reform. He retired as mayor in 1992 and returned to academic life.

Subjects: Politics.

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