(b Cape Town, 1928).
Eng. music critic. Taught at All Souls, Oxford, 1973–4, and Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, 1980–1. Mus. critic Manchester Guardian 1949, Financial Times 1953–74, New Yorker 1972–92, Observer 1992–7, Times Literary Supplement from 1997. Ed., Musical Times, 1960–7. Trans. several opera libs. for perf., incl. Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen (for ENO). Responsible for rediscovery and subsequent performance of first version of Verdi's Don Carlos. Published 5 vols. of his collected New Yorker criticisms.