French architect. In 1973–4 his Château d'Eau, Marne-la-Vallée—a converted water-tower surrounded by lush vegetation—gained him recognition. Rejecting the dogmas of Functionalism, he experimented with fragmentation, challenging distinctions between interiors and exterior, and concerning himself with the symbolic dimensions of architecture. Other works include the Hautes-Formes (1975–9) and the Cité de la Musique in Tschumi's Parc de la Villette (1985–95), both in Paris: the latter is reckoned by some to be one of the better late-C20 buildings in the capital. His Opéra Dance School, Nanterre (1983–7), the ‘Ski-Boot’ tower at Lille-Eurostar Railway Station (1992–5), extension to the Palais des Congrès, Paris (early 1990s), the Court-House, Grasse, ZAC housing, Bercy, Paris (1991–4), and the LVMH Tower, NYC (1995–8) deserve mention.
Amsoneit (1994);Dantec (1995);Futagawa (1995);Jodidio (1995a);Portzamparc (1996);