posttranslational processing

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Alterations to polypeptide chains after they have been synthesized: e.g., removal of the formyl group from methionine in bacteria, acetylation, hydroxylation, phosphorylation, attachment of sugars or prosthetic groups, oxidation of cysteines to form disulfide bonds, cleavage of specific regions that convert proenzymes to enzymes, etc. See cystine, N-formylmethionine.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

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