potassium nitrite

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A white or slightly yellow deliquescent solid, KNO2, soluble in water and insoluble in ethanol; r.d. 1.91; m.p. 440°C; may explode at 600°C. Potassium nitrite is prepared by the reduction of potassium nitrate. It reacts with cold dilute mineral acids to give nitrous acid and is also able to behave as a reducing agent (if oxidized to the nitrate) or as an oxidizing agent (if reduced to nitrogen). It is used in organic synthesis because of its part in diazotization, and in detecting the presence of the amino groups in organic compounds.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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