A Corinthian colony (see corinth; colonization, greek), founded c.600 bc for trade with Macedonia and along the line of the later via Egnatia. It struck coins from c.550. A strongly fortified port, it withstood a siege by Artabazus (480–479). It joined the Delian League; but its connection with Corinth, which supplied its annual chief magistrate, rendered it suspect to Athens. After an increase of its tribute to fifteen talents (434 bc) it revolted (432), but although it received help from Peloponnese it was reduced in 430, at a cost of 2,000. Athenian cleruchs (see cleruchy) occupied the site until 404, when it passed to the Chalcidians (see olynthus).
Subjects: Classical Studies.