Italian lay Jesuit who was one of the greatest Baroque painters of ceilings that exploited illusion and high drama. His best works were in Sant'Ignazio, Rome (1684–94—perhaps the finest ceiling of quadratura ever created), San Francesco Saverio, Mondovi (1676–9), and the Gartenpalais Liechtenstein, Vienna (1704–8). In 1703 he settled in Vienna, where he created a sumptuous Baroque interior at the Universitätskirche (University Church—1703–9). His work was influential in disseminating the Baroque style in Central Europe, especially through his Perspectiva pictorum et architectorum (Perspective in drawing and architecture—1693–1700), which was translated into several languages, including Chinese. He designed several churches and altars, e.g. the stupendous altar of Sant'Ignazio, Il Gesù, Rome (1695–9), the high-altar of the Franziskanerkirche (Franciscan Church), Vienna (1706), the Church of Sant'Ignazio, Dubrovnik, Croatia (1699–1725), and the Cathedral, Ljubljana, Slovenia (1700–5).
Carboneri (ed.) (1961);Feo (1988);Feo &Martinelli (1996);B. Kerber (1971);Marini (1959);Matteucci et al. (1979);Placzek (ed.) (1982);Portoghesi (1970);Jane Turner (1996);Wittkower (1982);Wittkower &Jaffé (eds.) (1972);
Subjects: Art — Architecture.