Founder in New York, in 1966, of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), popularly known as the Hare Krishna Movement. Born in Calcutta, Bhaktivedānta Swāmi was the disciple of a Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava guru, Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Gosvāmi (the son of Kedarnath Datta). In the 1950s he lived and studied in Vṛndāvana, and took saṃnyāsa in 1959. On the instructions of his teacher, he travelled to the USA in 1965. After founding ISKCON, he established ‘New Vrindaban’, an ‘experimental Vedic community’ in West Virginia. This was followed by a Vedic school in Texas (1972). With the success of ISKCON, he also undertook extensive worldwide lecture tours. Bhaktivedānta Swāmi was responsible for over 60 publications, issued through the Bhakti Vedanta Book Trust (est. 1972), including devotional versions of, and commentaries on, the Bhagavadgītā (Bhagavad-Gita As It Is), and the multivolume Bhāgavata Purāṇa (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam), the latter completed by his followers after his death.