Prague School

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The name commonly given to the Prague Linguistic Circle, a group of linguistic and literary theorists based at Charles University, Prague, from 1926 to 1948, of whom the most influential was Roman Jakobson, who had arrived from Moscow bringing the principles of Russian Formalism, which were to be further developed in Prague. Other important figures were Jan Mukařovský, who developed the theory of foregrounding, René Wellek, later a leading New Critic in America, and the literary historian Felix Vodička. The Prague School was a major influence on the development of structuralism. For a fuller account, consult F. W. Galan, Historic Structures: The Prague School Project, 1928–1946 (1985).

Subjects: Linguistics.

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