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Name of a subschool that broke away from the Mahāsaṃghikas and which maintained that there is a distinction between reality, and the manner it is experienced by ordinary beings. The latter, it was believed, superimpose false designations (prajñapti) upon reality through language and conceptual thought. This form of nominalism was later adopted by Mahāyāna Buddhists, especially those affiliated to the Madhyamaka school, and led to the elaboration of the theory of the ‘Two Truths’.

Subjects: Religion.

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