The meal taken before an athletic competition. Sports nutritionists generally advise athletes to avoid protein-rich and fatty foods, such as steaks, for at least 12 h before intensive exercise. These types of food take a long time to digest and the digestive system will compete with muscles for the blood supply. A meal taken 2–4 h before strenuous activity (the optimum time will depend on the individual) should consist of familiar food containing complex carbohydrates with an energy content of between 200 and 500 kcal. Such a meal will ensure a normal blood glucose level and prevent hunger. Overeating should be avoided.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.