(b Waziers, 1924).
Fr. conductor. Dir. of mus., opera houses of Marseilles, Lisle, and Toulouse 1946–55. Mus. dir. Opéra‐Comique 1956–9; cond. f. Paris p. of Capriccio, 1956. Débuts: London 1961; Amer. (Chicago) 1959; NY Met 1964; Salzburg Fest. 1966. Mus. dir. Paris Opéra 1966–71; prin. cond. Stuttgart Radio SO 1995–8. Cond. at CG 1965 for Callas in Tosca and often conducted for her in the theatre and recording studio. Cond. f.ps. of Poulenc's La Voix humaine (1959) and Gloria (1959).