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(Verdi: La forza del destino). Mez. A young gypsy‐girl. At the inn in the village of Hornachuelos, near Seville, she tells fortunes and advises the men to join the army and fight in Italy against the Germans. Arias (with ens.): Al suon del tamburo (‘To the sound of the drum’); (with soldiers) Rataplan (‘Ratatat’). Created (1862) by Constance Nantier‐Didiée (who apparently tried to prevent the engagement of Caroline Barbot as Leonora; Verdi protested and Barbot was engaged).

Subjects: Opera.

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