primary fill

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The first material to accumulate in the bottom of a pit or ditch after it has been constructed. In general such material comprises fine particulate deposits—thus it is sometimes referred to as primary silt—that result from the initial weathering of the sides and upper part of the feature together with any material deliberately thrown or placed in the bottom of it. Archaeologically it is generally accepted that any artefacts in the primary fill of a feature date to approximately the time of its construction or earlier.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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