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The Office traditionally appointed for the first hour of the day, i.e. 6 a.m. It has usually been held that it was introduced by John Cassian in his monastery at Bethlehem c.395; it certainly figures in the Regula Magistri and the Rule of St Benedict (6th cent.). In 1964 its recitation became voluntary for the secular clergy and it has no place in the 1971 Breviary.

Subjects: Christianity.

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