One of the Methodist Churches which united in 1932. About 1800 Hugh Bourne began an evangelistic movement outside the official structure of Methodism near Mow Cop, Staffs., and here in 1807 Lorenzo Dow, an American Methodist, introduced the Camp Meeting into English Methodism. This form of meeting, designed for those not attracted by the ordinary work of the Church, was condemned by the Wesleyan Conference, and in 1810 both Bourne and William Clowes, who had joined in evangelical work at Tunstall and later in Hull, were expelled from the Methodist Church. In 1811 their followers united under the name of Primitive Methodists. They engaged in widespread evangelism and in 1843 founded missions in Australia and New Zealand. In 1932 they united with the Wesleyan and United Methodists.