Overview

Principal periods, industrial stages, and traditions of the British Bronze Age


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(Based on C. Burgess, 1980, The age of Stonehenge (London: Dent) with additions from various other sources)

Meldon Bridge Period (3000–2750bc)

Metalworking Stage I—Castletown Roche industries (copper)

Metalworking Stage II—Knocknague/Lough Ravel industries (copper)

Mount Pleasant Period (2750–2000bc)

Metalworking Stage III—Frankford industries (copper)

Metalworking Stage IV—Migdale–Marnock/Migdale–Killaha industries (copper, bronze, gold) (links to early Únˇetice/Reinecke A1 on the continent)

Metalworking Stage V—Ballyvalley–Aylesford–Colleonard industries

Overton Period (2000–1650bc)

Metalworking Stage VI—Falkland–Willerby Wold industries. Wessex Culture: Armorico-British dagger series: Bush Barrow daggers (influences from classic Únˇetice/Reinecke A2 metalwork on the continent)

Bedd Branwen Period (1650–1400bc)

Metalworking Stage VII—Arreton Down Industry in southern Britain; Inch Island Industry in Ireland; Ebnal Industry in Wales and the Marches; Gavel Moss Industry in Scotland. Wessex Culture: Snowshill–Camerton daggers (links to Reinecke A2/B1 or A3 on the continent)

Metalworking Stage VIII—Acton Park industries in England; Killymaddy Industry in Ireland; Caverton industries in the Scottish borders; Auchterhouse industries in Scotland (links to the European Tumulus Culture/Reinecke B1)

Knighton Heath Period (1400–1200bc)

Metalworking Stage IX—Taunton industries in southern England; Barton Bendish industries in eastern England; Glentrool industries in Scotland; Bishopsland industries in Ireland. The ornament horizon (links to Frøjk–Ostenfeld Group of Montelius IIb–c in northern Europe, Tumulus Culture C stage in central Europe)

Penard Period (1200–1000bc)

Metalworking Stage X—Penard industries throughout the British Isles (links to the early Urnfield cultures on the continent; Montelius III; Rosnoën in northern France; Hallstatt A1/A2)

Wilburton–Wallington Phase (1000–800bc)

Metalworking Stage XI—Wilburton and Wallington industries in England; the Poldar industries in Scotland; Roscommon industries in Ireland. This period sees the extensive use of lead-bronze and perhaps some early use of iron (links to Hallstatt A2)

Ewart Park Phase (800–700bc)

Metalworking Stage XII—Carp's tongue/Bexley Heath industries in southeastern England; the Llantwit–Stogursey industries in the west of England and southeast Wales; the Broadward industries of the Welsh Marches; Heathery Burn industries in northern England; Duddington, Covesea, and Ballimore industries in Scotland; and the Dowris industries in Ireland. Some early use of iron? (links to late Urnfield Tradition and Hallstatt early C on the continent)

Llyn Fawr Phase (700–600bc)

Metalworking Stage XIII—Widespread metalworking industries with little evidence of regional diversity; during this period iron begins to be worked on a large scale (major links to Hallstatt C and Hallstatt D on the continent)

From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Archaeology.



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