Roman lady of the early centuries who gave her name to the church on the Aventine hill since at least the 4th century.
There was an early Roman cult of Prisca, whom the itineraries mention as a martyr. The Acts (10th century), which are historically almost valueless, identify her with a martyr whose relics had been translated to this church. From about the 9th century she had been also identified with the Priscilla in the Acts of the Apostles who was the wife of Aquila and the church became known as titulus Aquilae et Priscae, but this identification seems most unlikely. She is sometimes represented with two lions, who according to her Acts refused to attack her. Feast: 18 January, in sixteen English monastic calendars.
AA.SS., Ian. II (1643), 183–7; R. Krautheimer, Corpus Basilicarum Christianarum Romae, iii (1967), 260–76.