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According to the Rabbis, the first mitzvah of the Torah is the command to engage in procreation (Genesis 1: 28; 9: 1). Procreation is, in addition to companionship, the aim of marriage. Opposition to birth-control is partly based on the duty to have children. According to the majority, and accepted, Rabbinic opinion this duty does not devolve upon women, no doubt because it was unreasonable in ancient society to demand that a woman should be obliged to attract a man to marry her.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

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