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processes, geomorphological


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The set of mechanisms that operate at and near the Earth's land surface, breaking down and transferring rock material and consequently fashioning land-forms at small and medium scales. Processes operating on the surface are termed ‘exogenetic’; those originating below the surface ‘endogenetic’. Two categories may be recognized: (a) zonal processes, which are broadly controlled by climate (e.g. the work of glaciers); and (b) azonal processes, which operate on a world-wide basis (e.g. fluvial processes). The rate at which such processes operate may be measured by direct field recording or by making use of historical records. See erosion rate.

(a) zonal processes, which are broadly controlled by climate (e.g. the work of glaciers); and (b) azonal processes, which operate on a world-wide basis (e.g. fluvial processes).

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.


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