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Processus and Martinian


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Roman martyrs of early date,

who were publicly venerated in Rome from at least the 4th century and whose feast was in the early Roman sacramentaries. They were buried in the cemetery of Damasus: in the 4th century a church was built over their tomb. Here Gregory the Great preached a homily on their feast, in which he referred to the presence of their bodies, to the cures of the sick, to the harassment of perjurers, and the cure of demoniacs there. There is nothing left today of this church. The unreliable Acts make them the warders of Peter and Paul in the Manertine prison, who were converted and baptized by Peter. A woman called Lucina is said to have buried them in her own cemetery, but Delehaye insists on the cemetery of Damasus as their resting-place. In the 9th century their relics were translated to St Peter's, where they remain to this day under their altar in the south transept. Feast: 2 July, mentioned in OE martyrology, that of Bede, and the Sarum calendar.

C.M.H., pp. 347–8; B. T. A., iii. 7–8.

Subjects: Christianity.


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