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Many of the professions that were well established by the 19th century were created during the 16th and 17th centuries, particularly in the post‐Restoration period. See Geoffrey Holmes, Augustan England: Professions, State and Society, 1680–1730 (1982). The law, the Church, and medicine became profitable and respectable means of earning a livelihood, especially in the towns, in contrast with ‘being in trade’.

Subjects: Regional and National History.

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