(US) (1912; 1924; 1948) Three US political organizations. In 1912 the first Progressive (the “Bull Moose”) Party, led by the former President Theodore Roosevelt, polled more votes in the presidential elections than the Republican candidate, President Taft. By splitting the Republican vote, it allowed the Democrats to win on an equally progressive platform. In 1924 a revitalized Progressive Party, based on Wisconsin and other farm states, challenged the conservative outlook of both the Republican and Democratic parties. Although securing five million votes, the party carried only Wisconsin. In 1948 Henry A. Wallace (1888–1965), formerly Democratic Secretary of State for agriculture, campaigned for a more conciliatory policy towards the Soviet Union. His Progressive Party, however, appeared too sympathetic to communism, and failed to challenge either main party.
Subjects: United States History.