The official list of substances and procedures banned or subject to specific controls in sport. The List is maintained by the World Anti-Doping Agency and forms part of the World Anti-Doping Code. The main categories of substances prohibited in and out of competition are anabolic agents, such as anabolic steroids; certain hormones and related substances, such as erythropoietin; Beta 2 agonists; anti-oestrogens; and diuretics and other masking agents. The main categories of methods prohibited at all times are enhancement of oxygen transfer, such as blood doping; chemical and physical manipulation that tampers or attempts to tamper with the integrity of samples collected for dope tests; and gene doping. In addition to the above, certain categories of substances are prohibited in competition. These categories are stimulants, narcotics, cannabinoids, and glucocorticosteroids. Substances prohibited in particular sports are alcohol and beta blockers. The Prohibited List also includes ‘specified substances’. These are substances, such as ephedrine and alcohol, that are so generally available that it is easy for an athlete to unintentionally violate anti-doping rules. Doping violations involving a specified substances may result in a reduced sanction if the athlete can establish that its use was not intended to enhance sport performance.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.