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1 A formal document drawn up by the master, first mate, and a proportion of the crew of a merchant ship at the time of its arrival at a port, and sworn before a notary public, or a consul in a foreign port, that the weather conditions during the voyage were such that if the ship or cargo sustained damage it did not happen through neglect or misconduct on their part. It was a safeguard against the owners of the ship being held accountable for the damage, if any, if the cause of it was stress of wind and weather. One of the conditions of a protest was that the cargo hatches were not to be removed until a survey had been carried out. It is not a legal requirement in the UK but is necessary in Europe within 24 hours of a ship's arrival.

2 See racing rules.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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