proximity grouping law

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One of the four original grouping laws of Gestalt psychology formulated in 1923 by the German psychologist Max Wertheimer (1880–1943) to explain the organization of parts into wholes by the visual system. According to the law, elements close together tend to be grouped perceptually, so that the array OO OO OO OO tends to be perceived as four pairs rather than eight separate elements. See also Prägnanz, common fate, common region, connectedness grouping law. Compare closure grouping law, good continuation, similarity grouping law.

Subjects: Psychology.

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