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psychological tests


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Are techniques used in the selection process and can be divided into two types. (a) Cognitive tests measure a person's mental abilities, such as IQ, spatial awareness, reasoning, logic, and numeracy. Although reliable, such tests are often questionable in terms of their validity. (b) Personality tests measure a person's attitudes, values, and beliefs. There are a variety of personality tests in use, but typically they involve a lengthy questionnaire containing a series of value statements to which candidates must indicate their preferences. Taken together the answers produce a personality profile of the candidate which can then be compared with the profile the assessors deem appropriate for the job. For example, a candidate whose personality profile reveals ‘extroversion’ is more likely to fit the salesperson profile than a candidate who scores high on the ‘introversion’ scale. Personality tests have gained in popularity as a selection technique, not least as a result of managers wanting employees whose existing values are in line with the corporate culture.

(a) Cognitive tests measure a person's mental abilities, such as IQ, spatial awareness, reasoning, logic, and numeracy. Although reliable, such tests are often questionable in terms of their validity. (b) Personality tests measure a person's attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.


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