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Ptolemaic Kingdom


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Ptolemaic Dynasty

Notes

Chronology and Dating

Dates follow Samuel, Ptolemaic Chronology. For the possible concealment of Philopator's death and delayed accession of Epiphanes, see ibid., 108–14. Dates for Caesarion follow Samuel, “Joint Regency”; cf. Pestman, 82. For additional works on Ptolemaic chronology see Hölbl. In Macedonian usage, the regnal year began with the actual accession day; Greek scribes dated the reign of Soter from the death of Alexander the Great. Egyptian scribes equated the regnal with the calendar year; as in pharaonic Egypt, the king was in his first numbered year at accession. See Samuel, Ptolemaic Chronology, ch. i.

Names and Titles

The title of basileus was followed by the name and honorary epithet(s); for the latter, see A. D. Nock, ‘Notes on Ruler-Cult, I-IV’, Journal of Hellenic Studies, XLVIII (1928), 21–43.

Pestman, P. W., Chronologie égyptienne d'après les textes démotiques (332 av. J.-C.–453 ap. J.-C.) (Leiden, 1967).Samuel, A. E., Ptolemaic Chronology (Munich, 1962) (Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung und antiken Rechtsgeschichte, XLIII).—— ‘The Joint Regency of Cleopatra and Caesarion’, Etudes de papyrologie, IX (1971), 73–9.Hölbl, G., Geschichte des Ptolemäerreiches (Darmstadt, 1994).

323–283

Ptolemy I, Soter (son of Lagus; satrap of Egypt 323 bc; assumed the title of king 306)

283–246

Ptolemy II, Philadelphus (son; co-regent 285)

246–222

Ptolemy III, Euergetes (son)

222–204

Ptolemy IV, Philopator (son)

204–180

Ptolemy V, Epiphanes (son; co-regent 210)

180–145

Ptolemy VI, Philometor (son; deposed 164–163)

145

Ptolemy VII, Neos Philopator (son)

145–116

Ptolemy VIII, Euergetes (Physcon) (son of Ptolemy V; coregent 170–164; sole king 164–163)

116–107

Ptolemy IX, Soter (Lathyrus) (son; deposed)

81–80

Cleopatra Berenice Philopator (daughter)

107–88

Ptolemy X, Alexander (brother)

88–81

Ptolemy IX, Soter (restored)

81–80

Cleopatra Berenice Philopator (daughter; co-regent 88)

80

Ptolemy XI, Alexander (son of Ptolemy X)

80–58

Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysus (Auletes) (son of Ptolemy IX; deposed)

58–55

Berenice Epiphanes (daughter)

55–51

Ptolemy XII (restored)

51–47

Ptolemy XIII, Philopator (son)

51–30

Cleopatra Philopator (sister)

47–44

Ptolemy XIV, Philopator (brother)

36–30

Ptolemy XV Caesar, Philopator Philometor (Caesarion) (son of Cleopatra and Julius Caesar; Roman rule 30 bc)

Subjects: History.


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