German land-scape-designer. He inherited (1811) his vast estate at Muskau, and transformed it from 1816 into an enormous landscape garden, much influenced by what he had seen in England, and helped by J. A. Repton. He sold this estate in 1845, and created (1846–71) a spectacular garden at his family seat, Branitz, near Cottbus: he had lakes formed, and built numerous fabriques, including three pyramids, under one of which he himself was entombed. He also advised on various Prussian royal gardens, including those at Glienecke (again with J. A. Repton) and Babelsberg (the latter was mostly his work, from 1843), and was critical of Lenné's earlier approach. He also advised on public parks in Paris from 1852, and influenced both Haussmann and Alphand in this respect: the Bois de Boulogne owed much to him. He published his important Andeutungen über Landschaftsgärtnerei (Suggestions on Landscape Gardening) in 1834, which promoted Repton's ideas (among others), and had a powerful influence on American landscape architecture.
Bowe (1995);Emde & Herrmann (1992);Jellicoe et al. (1996);Jane Turner (1996)
Subjects: Architecture — Literature.