American industrial designer and philanthropist. He settled in Chicago, IL, in 1855, where he established a thriving business constructing roads and elevating buildings above the water level of Lake Michigan. In 1858 he established his company to manufacture railway sleeping-cars, and he can be credited with the introduction of comfort, and even luxury, to railway travel. From 1869 he began to develop land south of Chicago, and, taking his cue from experiments in England by, e.g. Lever and Salt, determined to build a Company town for the workforce in his factories, and employed Barrett as his landscape-architect, and Beman as his architect to achieve this. Pullman, IL, was built 1880–95, and was regarded as an exceptionally well-designed model industrial town.
Jane Turner (1996)