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12 km. (7½ mi.) north of Neapolis. The earliest settlement was a Greek foundation, Dicaearchia (c.521 bc). Its early relations with Rome are uncertain. It was an important harbour in the war against Hannibal, and became a Roman colony in 194 (see colonization, roman). In the 2nd cent., Puteoli's commercial importance grew, thanks to the development of trade between Italy and the east. It handled a large proportion of trade with the eastern empire and corn imports for Rome. It was also a fashionable resort, and many of the Roman élite owned villas there. Greek and Latin epigraphy attests a flourishing civic life.

See ostia; portus.

See ostia; portus.

Subjects: Architecture.

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