Formerly a game bird, now so endangered in the wild that shooting is prohibited, but it is farmed. Two main species, Bonasa umbellus and Colinus virginianus; Californian quail is Lophortyx californica. The small eggs are prized as a delicacy. A 150‐g portion (whole bird) is a rich source of protein and niacin; a good source of vitamins B1 and B2; contains 3 g of fat; and supplies 180 kcal (760 kJ).
Subjects: Medicine and Health.