Responsible for maintaining and developing the national curriculum in England, together with all the associated testing, assessments, and examinations, the QCA also monitors and provides accreditation for qualifications in the post‐compulsory sector of vocational education and training. Its remit does not, however, include accreditation of qualifications awarded by universities or other institutions of higher education. A non‐departmental public body, it was set up in 1997 to take over from the School Curriculum and Assessment Authority and the National Council for Vocational Qualifications, thus combining in one body the responsibility for overseeing both general and vocational qualifications. It is sponsored by the Department for Children, Schools, and Families, and the members of its governing board are appointed by the Secretary of State for that department. Separate and equivalent bodies exist for Scotland (Scottish Qualifications Authority), Northern Ireland (Council for the Curriculum, Examinations, and Assessment) and Wales (Qualifications, Curriculum, and Assessment Authority for Wales).