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quarter


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A fourth part; in heraldry, each of four or more roughly equal divisions (dexter chief, sinister chief, dexter base, and sinister base) of a shield separated by vertical and horizontal lines; a square charge which covers the top left (dexter chief) quarter of the field.

quarter days each of four days fixed by custom as marking off the quarters of the year, on which some tenancies begin and end and quarterly payments of rent and other charges fall due. In England and Ireland the quarter days are Lady Day (March 25), Midsummer Day (June 24), Michaelmas (September 29), and Christmas (December 25). The name is also sometimes applied to the Scottish terms of Candlemas (February 2), Whitsun Day (May 15), Lammas (August 1), and Martinmas (November 11).

Subjects: Bibliography.


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