(Fr. quintette, quintuor; Ger. Quintett; It. quintetto).
Comp. for 5 instr. or vv., or the singers or players who perform such comps. In vocal music usually 2 sop., alto, ten., and bass (there are many 5‐part madrigals). A str. quintet is usually 2 vns., 2 va., and vc., but sometimes (as in most of quintets by Boccherini and in those by Schubert and Vaughan Williams) for 2 vns., va., and 2 vc. A pf. quintet is usually for pf., 2 vns., va., vc., but note that Schubert's ‘Trout’ Quintet is for pf., vn., va., vc., db. There are also cl. quintets, ob. quintets, etc. The customary wind quintet is for fl., ob., hn., cl., bn., but Elgar's wind quintets are for 2 fl., ob., cl., bn. There are also operatic quintets, the most famous occurring in Act 3 of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.