Sufi mystic and scholar whose family originated from a village near Jerusalem, then settled in Medina. He spent his early life as a soldier, then turned to the study of religion. In Medina he studied under two renowned mystics of Indian origin, al-Shinnawi and Sibghat Allah, developing and transmitting the theosophical ideas of al-Jili. He was affiliated with a number of tariqahs, including the Naqshbandi and Shattari, of which he became khalifah. He attracted numerous students, some from Sumatra and Java, including Abd al-Rauf al-Sinkili, who was his student for twenty years. A distinctive feature of his writings is his mystical interpretations of hadith.