An advanced Earth-observation satellite system implemented and operated by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to monitor environmental changes and the Earth's resources. Its RADARSAT-1 satellite was launched by NASA in November 1995 to become the first fully operational civilian radar satellite system having large-scale production. RADARSAT-2 is scheduled for launch in late 2005 as the world's most advanced commercial synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite, having multipolarization to identify surface features to aid mapping and surveillance.
The system is funded by the private and governmental sectors, but RADARSAT-2 will eventually be privatized to be managed and operated by its builder, MacDonald, Dettwiler, and Associates of Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.
Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.