Dutch sculptor, painter, and draughtsman, born in Amsterdam, the son of a decorative sculptor. He originally trained in his father's profession, then studied drawing at the Amsterdam Academy and took up painting. From the 1920s, supported by the critic H. P. Bremmer (see Kröller-Müller), he became the leading Dutch sculptor working in a traditional vein. His most famous work, designed in collaboration with the architect J. J. P. Oud, is the National Monument (1947–56) in Amsterdam, a memorial to the Second World War.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.