(b Lachen, Switz., 1822; d Frankfurt, 1882).
Ger. composer. School‐teacher who taught himself pf., vn., and comp. Orchestrated some of Liszt's works at Weimar. Espoused cause of ‘music of the future’. Pf. teacher, Wiesbaden, from 1856. Dir., Hoch Cons., Frankfurt, 1877–82. Taught Amer. composer MacDowell. Prolific and attractive composer whose mus. has enjoyed a modest revival after being almost forgotten except for celebrated Cavatina for vn. and pf. Comps. incl. 6 operas; oratorio; 11 syms., incl. No.3 Im Walde (In the Forest), No.5 Lenore, No.7 In den Alpen (In the Alps), No.9 Im Sommer (In Summer); pf. conc.; 2 vn. concs.; 2 vc. concs.; 9 str. qts.; 5 vn. sonatas; pf. quintet; octet; sectet; vc. sonata; songs, transcrs., etc.