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At its most general, any Śrī Vaiṣṇava doctrinal work in Maṇipravāḷam; more specifically, the term applied to the three secret mantras which are central to their practice: the Tirumantra, the Dvayam, and the Caramaśloka (Bhagavadgītā 18.66). Essentially expressions of homage to Nārāyaṇa, and the intention to take refuge in him, these three are regarded as a concentration of the entire teaching, delivered by Viṣṇu himself. Received at initiation, they are to be recited and meditated upon daily, as well as playing an integral role in temple ritual. Since they were perceived to contain Śrī Vaiṣṇava doctrine in nuce, a large and elaborate commentarial literature developed around them, including works by Piḷḷai Lokācāriyar and Vedāntadeśika.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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