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rail


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1 Horizontal member of a wall-frame between the posts or studs in timber-framed construction.

2 Horizontal timber in a door, panelling, wainscot, etc. Types of rail include:chair-rail:cornice at the top of a dado around a room;clamp rail:rebated timber to receive the ends of boards, as in a ceiling, etc., called batten or cleat in the USA;dado-rail:as chair-rail above;frieze rail:rail in a panelled door corresponding to the frieze in position;hanging-rail:rail to which hinges are fixed in a door, window, etc. A rail with hinges at the side of a panelled door is a stile;lock-rail:rail in a framed door into which the lock is fitted, usually corresponding to the top of a dado;mid-rail:horizontal timber in a wall-frame placed half-way in a storey, or between a cill and a wall-plate.

chair-rail:cornice at the top of a dado around a room;

clamp rail:rebated timber to receive the ends of boards, as in a ceiling, etc., called batten or cleat in the USA;

dado-rail:as chair-rail above;

frieze rail:rail in a panelled door corresponding to the frieze in position;

hanging-rail:rail to which hinges are fixed in a door, window, etc. A rail with hinges at the side of a panelled door is a stile;

lock-rail:rail in a framed door into which the lock is fitted, usually corresponding to the top of a dado;

mid-rail:horizontal timber in a wall-frame placed half-way in a storey, or between a cill and a wall-plate.

Alcock, Barley, Dixon, & Meeson (1996);Gwilt (1903);W. McKay (1957)Papworth (1887)

Subjects: Architecture.


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