poet, born in Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, educated at Exeter College, Oxford, where he became a lecturer. In 1981 he became poetry editor at Faber & Faber, returning to Oxford in 1991 as a Fellow of New College. His first collection of poetry, The Onion Memory, was published in 1978 and attracted a good deal of critical attention, as did his second volume, A Martian sends a Postcard Home (1979). In both books he displayed great metaphoric vitality and individuality and as a result was credited by some critics as having instigated a ‘Martian’ school of poetry. The same approach continued in A Free Translation (1981) and Rich (1984), in which his father appears in a central prose account of his childhood, ‘A Silver Plate’. 1953 (1990) was a version of Racine's Andromaque. History: The Home Movie (1994), a ‘novel’ in verse, is a chronicle of the Raine and the Pasternak families, set against the background of 20th‐cent. European history. Collected Poems 1978–1999 appeared in 1999.